By Francis M. Carroll
In this unique and engaging publication, Francis Carroll tells the tale of the makes an attempt to settle the unique boundary among Canada and the us from the Atlantic coast to the center of the continent.
Established by means of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, it quickly grew to become transparent that ambiguities and error within the treaty introduced confusion and contention within the boundary borderland from New Brunswick and Maine to the St. Lawrence River, in the course of the nice Lakes and from Lake more advantageous to Lake of the Woods, within the center of the continent. This borderland, gradually filling with humans of competing pursuits - Loyalists and Yankees, fur investors and squaddies, Europeans and primary international locations peoples - turned the point of interest of the main situation in Anglo-Canadian-American family for nearly sixty years.
Drawing on large learn and using manuscript fabrics by no means delivered to endure at the topic earlier than, the quest for Boundary is the 1st paintings to completely clarify the efforts of the various Boundary Commissions and the failed arbitration of the King of Netherlands - all significant foreign makes an attempt to settle the boundary. The e-book additionally presents a clean interpretation of the relevance the turbulent decade of the 1830s had in contributing to the feel of urgency that eventually allowed for negotiation of an affordable compromise cost of the boundary within the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 -- "A strong and clever measure," as Lord Ashburton known as it. full of the politics and intrigues of the time, Carroll brings to lifestyles a impressive time within the diplomatic and political heritage of either Canada and the United States.
Winner of the Dafoe ebook Prize, presented by way of the J.W. Dafoe Foundation
Read or Download A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842 PDF
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Additional info for A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842
What were the 'Highlands' that divided the waters that flowed into the St Lawrence River from those that flowed into the Atlantic Ocean? Did the term 'Highlands' mean mountains or merely watersheds? Numerous other problems arose as well. Reference points were wrong; specific river sources were debatable; islands in rivers could be validly claimed by either side. In the west there proved to be no Isle Phelipeaux and no Long Lake in Lake Superior. The Mississippi River was south and east of Lake of the Woods, not west.
The troubles in the late 1820s and the early to mid-1830s along the still-problematic frontier between British North America and the United States are considered (chapter 9) and the crises and further boundary work of the late 1830s are examined (chapter 10). After decades of uncertainty, the unresolved issues surrounding the boundary and relations between Britain, British North America, and the United States came to a head and found a resolution, all in a short span of time; this startling series of events is the theme of part III (chapters 11-13).
Even these cartographic failings would have been less serious if there had been a copy of a map, with the intended boundaries clearly marked on it, attached to the peace treaty. In fact, there was no treaty map - an omission that further complicated and confused the whole question right up to the present time. Still another problem bedevilled the peace settlement generally and boundary matters specifically. This was the erratic nature of British politics and interests in the years that included the end of the American war and the next decade.