By Paul Tennant
This publication provides the 1st entire remedy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to ascertain the trendy political historical past of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and offers distinctive recognition to the newest court docket judgements, executive guidelines, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a debatable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and continues to be, the atmosphere for the main severe and chronic calls for through local humans, and in addition for the most powerful and such a lot constant competition to local claims through governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the fundamental query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the chance. supplying a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have such a lot different historians and demonstrates how Douglas was once mostly liable for the longer term process the land query. not like what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia started their land claims before everything of white payment and endured regardless of the large efforts of missionaries and executive officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this booklet as political innovators who maintained their id and beliefs and who at the present time have extra energy and team spirit than ever ahead of. the writer has carried out broad interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the internal workings of presidency enterprises and Indian political businesses. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on disasters and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technological know-how on the collage of British Columbia.". This ebook is meant for.
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Extra info for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
In his treaties Douglas had departed from his initial company instructions by acknowledging aboriginal title to ail land regarded by Indians as theirs; now he was prepared to départ from Lytton's initial expectations by not acknowledging it. "13 The statement can mean only that Indians were to be regarded as having legitimate claim only to their village sites and fields; it dénies thé principle of aboriginal title. Douglas's new principles would be adhered to by ail future British Columbia governments.
33 Unfortunately for thé Indians, it was Douglas's tenacre statement to thé législature that would be seized upon by his successors. In fact, Douglas did grant only limited reserve acreage to most communities. His System, however, left thé way open for individual Indians to acquire vastiy greater amounts of land than their reserves contained. To be too quick to perceive Douglas as generous in allocating reserve acreage is to overlook his System and its intention that Indians could freely pre-empt non-reserve land.
By thé 18505 thé first Roman Catholic missionaries were reaching thé colony and thé mainland interior. The British government and Douglas encouraged Protestant missionaries with thé aim of countering thé potential Catholic influence and of pacifying thé Indians as white settle- The Douglas Treaties and Aboriginal Title 21 ment advanced. The Protestant missionary William Duncan arrived in 1857, having received free passage on a Royal Navy vessel. Further indication that settlement was expected to replace thé fur trade as thé major concern of thé colony was provided by thé création of an elected assembly in 1856.