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Extra info for Šahrestānīhā ī Ērānšahr: A Middle Persian Text on Late Antique Geography, Epic, and History : With English and Persian Translations and Commentary (Bibliotheca Iranica: Intellectual Traditions Series)

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The three districts of al-Jazlriih, are taken from the names of the three Arabian tribes settled there under Sasanian rule. This tenn is used for the region of the northern part of the area between the Tigris and the Euphrates. In Persian the re­ gion i s called Arvastan and Beth Arabiiyii by the Aramaean population of the region. , the Byzantine emperor (Canard 1965; 523). ). ' Ill' 11, I :, 1I,',1 ' I,," 46 Sahrestan1ha-I Eran-sahr took over Mesopotamia and Annenia as pmt of the Roman Empire (Wolski 1993; 1 85).

War Itazjgan: "Wall / Fortress of the Arabs" Markwart translates it as the "lake of the Arabs" (Markwart 1932; 14) which he thought stood for the Persian Gulf. From the early Islamic pe­ Bafrr Faris or Xalfj Faris and by the later Europeans of the sixteenth century as Sino Persico or Sinus Persicus (Bosworth 1997; 84-89). Thus it is surprising that such riod the name of this gulf was known as (Arabic) a well known name for this boundary of water would be the "Arab Gulf' (During the end of the Qajar Period and the time of Reza Shah the British for the first time called this body of water the Arabian Gulf, and it be­ came a term used from the 1960's as part of Arab nationalist activities).

He is also connected with the province of Xwarasan and the building of Kangdiz. According to the Pahlavi Riviiyat: be zamfg amad andar tUran a kust [z] xwarasan ron gyag kU siyiiwcrukard be kard "(The Spirit of Khang) It came to earth in Turan in the kust of Xwarasan, in the place where, SiyawaxSkird stood" (Pahlavi Riviiyat Accompanying the Da­ deslan fDenlg, Afifi 1374; 46: Williams 1990; 89). -AtaxS wahram: ''Victorious Fire" Alcru wahrams were also established by the early Sasanian monarchs and the high priest KerdTr, See SKZ 22 (Back 1978; 329-330) and for KKZ 21 KNRm51 KSM 3; and KKZ 51 KNRm 121 KSM 6 (Gignoux 199J; 54-56).

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